Weak Verbs III

Class III consists of four verbs: habban - to have, libban - to live, secgan - to say, and hycgan - to think/to intend. These verbs do not conjugate in the same way as each other, and can combine features of the first two weak classes, so they need to be learned individually. Since these verbs are very common, there are many variant spellings but the ones below are the most common.

Weak Verbs Class III
Present Tense Past Tense
1st Person Singular Ic hæbbe Ic hæfde
2nd Person Singular Þu hæfst Þu hæfdest
3rd Person Singular He/Hit/Heo hæfþ He/Hit/Heo hæfde
1st Person Plural We habbaþ We hæfdon
2nd Person Plural Ge habbaþ Ge hæfdon
3rd Person Plural Hie habbaþ Hie hæfdon
Weak Verbs Class III
Present Tense Past Tense
1st Person Singular Ic libbe Ic lifde
2nd Person Singular Þu leofast Þu lifdest
3rd Person Singular He/Hit/Heo leofaþ He/Hit/Heo   lifde
1st Person Plural We libbaþ We lifdon
2nd Person Plural Ge libbaþ Ge lifdon
3rd Person Plural Hie libbaþ Hie lifdon
Weak Verbs Class III
Present Tense Past Tense
1st Person Singular Ic secge Ic secgde
2nd Person Singular Þu sægst Þu sægdest
3rd Person Singular He/Hit/Heo sægþ He/Hit/Heo sægde
1st Person Plural We secgaþ We sægdon
2nd Person Plural Ge secgaþ Ge sægdon
3rd Person Plural Hie secgaþ Hie sægdon
Weak Verbs Class III
Present Tense Past Tense
1st Person Singular Ic hycge Ic hogde
2nd Person Singular Þu hygst Þu hogdest
3rd Person Singular He/Hit/Heo hygþ He/Hit/Heo hogde
1st Person Plural We hycgaþ We hogdon
2nd Person Plural Ge hycgaþ Ge hogdon
3rd Person Plural Hie hycgaþ Hie hogdon


Depending on where or when a piece was written, words were often spelled differently. Class III weak verbs have many common variations, so you may see vowel mutation in the stem. For example: hygeþ, hycgeþ and hogaþ are all valid spellings of the 3rd person singular of hycgan. Similarly, the eo in libban is sometimes written as i. For example: lifaþ instead of leofaþ

Now that you know the basics of Class III Weak Verbs, the next thing to do is practice what you have learned. Feel free to use the table to help you with the first batch of questions. You can hide the table at any point by clicking the orange 'Hide Table' button. Otherwise you can continue on to the next topic.

Return to Class II Weak Verbs Continue to Weak Verbs Overview

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