Weak Verbs II

Class II weak verbs have an infinitive ending in -ian, for example, lufian - to love, and bodian - to announce/preach. They are similar in form to Class I verbs as they have exactly the same inflectional endings, but class II weak verbs have a vowel before the ending (-ian in the infinitive becomes – iaþ in plural, and –ode in past tense). Examine the sentence below in the present tense: 'He hears that she loves you'

He
Personal
Pronoun
hierþ
Class I
Verb
þæt
Relative
Pronoun
heo
Personal
Pronoun
lufaþ
Class II
Verb
þe
Direct
Object

The preterite of Class II verbs is identical to the preterite conjugation of Class I verbs, except for the fact an 'o' is added before the suffix. Examine the sentence below in the past tense:'He heard that she loved you'.

He
Personal
Pronoun
hierde
Class I
Verb
þæt
Relative
Pronoun
heo
Personal
Pronoun
lufode
Class II
Verb
þe
Direct
Object

It should be noted that most verbs ending in -rian belong not to Class II but to Class I. The exceptions to this are andswarian - to answer, gadrian - to gather, and timbrian - to build, which conjugate the same as other Class II verbs.

Ic
Personal
Pronoun
timbrie
Present
Tense
husas
Direct
Object
Ic
Personal
Pronoun
timbrode
Past
Tense
þæt
Relative
Pronoun
hus
Direct
Object

In the conjugation table below, note where the 'i' disappears and where an 'o' is added. Aside from these changes, the Class I and Class II weak verbs conjugated the same. For example, you will also notice that lufian - to love loses its 'i' in the same conjugations where hieran loses its second 'e'.

Weak Verbs Class II
Present Tense Past Tense
1st Person Singular Ic lufie Ic lufode
2nd Person Singular Þu lufast Þu lufodest
3rd Person Singular He/Hit/Heo lufaþ He/Hit/Heo lufode
1st Person Plural We lufiaþ We lufodon
2nd Person Plural Ge lufiaþ Ge lufodon
3rd Person Plural Hie lufiaþ Hie lufodon
Weak Verbs Class II
Present Tense Past Tense
1st Person Singular Ic andswarie Ic andswarode
2nd Person Singular Þu andswarast Þu andswarodest
3rd Person Singular He/Hit/Heo andswaraþ He/Hit/Heo andswarode
1st Person Plural We andswariaþ We andswarodon
2nd Person Plural Ge andswariaþ Ge andswarodon
3rd Person Plural Hie andswariaþ Hie andswarodon
Weak Verbs Class II
Present Tense Past Tense
1st Person Singular Ic timbrie Ic timbrode
2nd Person Singular Þu timbrast Þu timbrodest
3rd Person Singular He/Hit/Heo timbraþ He/Hit/Heo timbrode
1st Person Plural We timbriaþ We timbrodon
2nd Person Plural Ge timbriaþ Ge timbrodon
3rd Person Plural Hie timbriaþ Hie timbrodon
Weak Verbs Class II
Present Tense Past Tense
1st Person Singular Ic ricsie Ic ricsode
2nd Person Singular Þu ricsast Þu ricsodest
3rd Person Singular He/Hit/Heo ricsaþ He/Hit/Heo ricsode
1st Person Plural We ricsaþ We ricsodon
2nd Person Plural Ge ricsaþ Ge ricsodon
3rd Person Plural Hie ricsaþ Hie ricsodon
Weak Verbs Class II
Present Tense Past Tense
1st Person Singular Ic bodie Ic bodode
2nd Person Singular Þu bodast Þu bododest
3rd Person Singular He/Hit/Heo bodaþ He/Hit/Heo bodode
1st Person Plural We bodiaþ We bododon
2nd Person Plural Ge bodiaþ Ge bododon
3rd Person Plural Hie bodiaþ Hie bododon


Now that you know the basics of Class II Weak Verbs, the next thing to do is practice what you have learned. Feel free to use the table to help you with the first batch of questions. You can hide the table at any point by clicking the orange 'Hide Table' button. Otherwise you can continue on to the next topic.

Return to Class I Weak Verbs Continue to Class III Weak Verbs

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