Strong Feminine Nouns

Feminine nouns are significantly different to both Masculine and Neuter nouns in how they decline and the demonstratrive pronouns they use. However, within their own category, the cases are very similar to each other. For example, the accusative, genitive and dative singular endings for Strong Feminine Nouns are 'e', and the nominative, accusative, and genitive plural endings are 'a'. All the nouns in the below sentences are feminine. Examine their endings.

Seo cwen
Singular Subject 
geaf
Past Verb
þa giefe
Singular Direct Object
to
Prep.
þære idese
Singular Indirect Object

Þa cwena
Plural Subject 
geaf
Past Verb
þa giefa
Plural Direct Object
to
Prep.
þæm idesum
Plural Indirect Object

For the nouns which have a 'u' in the nominative singular, remember to drop the 'u' when you are adding other suffixes. For example, in the plural, giefu ends in 'a' becoming giefa.

Seo giefu
Singular Subject
þære
demon pronoun
halgan
Adjective
idese
Genitive

Þa giefa
Plural Subject 
þære
demon pronoun
halgan
Adjective
idese
Genitive
Strong Masculine Noun
Singular Plural
Nominative seo cwen þa cwena
Accusative þa cwene þa cwena
Genitive þære cwene þara cwena
Dative þære cwene þæm cwenum
Strong Masculine Noun
Singular Plural
Nominative seo giefu þa giefa
Accusative þa giefe þa giefa
Genitive þære giefe þara giefa
Dative þære giefe þæm giefum
Strong Masculine Noun
Singular Plural
Nominative seo lufu þa lufa
Accusative þa lufe þa lufa
Genitive þære lufe þara lufa
Dative þære lufe þæm lufum
Strong Masculine Noun
Singular Plural
Nominative seo ceaster þa ceastra
Accusative þa ceastre þa ceastra
Genitive þære ceastre þara ceastra
Dative þære ceastre þæm ceastrum
Strong Masculine Noun
Singular Plural
Nominative seo ides þa idesa
Accusative þa idese þa idesa
Genitive þære idese þara idesa
Dative þære idese þæm idesum

Words with two syllables will often lose the vowel of the second syllable when it gains a suffix. This makes it easier to pronounce. This is why the 'e' and the 'r' seem to swap positions in the singular accusative, genitive and dative of ceaster - city. It loses the 'e' in all conjugations where it gains a suffix. You will see the same vowel-drop in sawol - soul

Return to Neuter Demonstratives Continue to Feminine Demonstratives

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