Willan

The final irregular verb is 'willan - to want'. 'Willan' often comes paired with the infinitive form of another verb, just like in modern English. For example, 'I want to go', 'you want to see', 'he wants to drink'. Examine the sentences 'Ic wille feran to Rome - I want to go to Rome' and 'He wolde ða cnihtas cwellan - He wanted to kill the children''.

Ic
Pronoun
wille
Verb
feran
Infinitive
to
Prep.
Rome
Infinitive

He
Pronoun
wolde
Verb
ða
Demon.
cnihtas
Object
\
cwellan
Verb

Though 'willan' looks like it should be translated to 'will', it is usually more correct to translate it as 'want' or 'intend' in the present tense. When in the past tense, it can be translated as either 'wanted' or 'would'. That's not to say it should never be translated as 'will', but consider 'intend' and 'want' first.

A subjunctive form of the verb is often used after 'willan' , as it expresses a wish or desire. We will come to subjunctives later.
Willan
Present Past
1st Person Singular wille wolde
2nd Person Singular wilt woldest
3rd Person Singular wile wolde
Plural wilaþ woldon

You'll notice that the vowel in the stem changes between the present tense and the past tense. Other than that, the endings of the past are identical to Class I Weak verbs. You can practice declining the verb 'willan' below.

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