Adjectives are words that describe nouns. They can describe the physical appearance of a noun: 'lange - long'; the quality of a noun: 'halig - holy'; or the quantity of a noun: 'manig - many'. Adjectives decline in agreement with the case, gender and number of the noun or pronoun that they modify. However, they also decline differently depending on how they are used in a sentence.
Weak Adjectives are linked with a noun with a demonstrative pronoun: Se haliga abbod.
Strong Adjectives are not linked to a noun with a demonstrative pronoun: Halig abbod.
For example, look at 'eald - old' in the two sentences below. In the first sentence, there is no demonstrative pronoun, so the adjective is strong. In the second sentence, the subject that the adjective is modifying has a demonstrative pronoun, so 'eald' gains the suffix 'a' to show it is weak.
Adjectives do not belong to a certain type of declension, and most adjectives can be either strong or weak depending on the syntax of the sentence. Let's take a closer look at the differences between how strong and weak adjectives decline.Return to Pronouns Overview Continue to Weak Adjectives